Silkworm culture is the starting point of Chinese civilization and the pride of the Chinese people. At least 4000 years of history. Sericulture culture is mainly concentrated in Hangzhou, Jiaxing and Huzhou, and extends to Jiangsu, Sichuan, Shandong, Guangxi and other regions. But with a comprehensive view of the development history of Chinese silk, sericulture culture can even cover the Yellow River basin, Yangtze River Basin and even the whole country. The spread of regions and people is enough to be "the most Chinese cultural form".
First, the origin of silkworm culture:
Silkworm culture finally derives the culture of silk silk fabrics. According to the textual research, the Chinese silkworm planting mulberry began in the late Neolithic period. The earliest recorded in the history of the silkworm silk weaving are the ancestors of Leizu, Yuan Gang series - "mirror" is recorded: "Xiling's female Leizu as emperor yuan Fei, was the first to teach people to treat silkworm, silk cocoon for clothes, and the world is suffering from chapped, later worship as xiancan" folk silkworm farm are called "silkworm goddess mother".
Two, the road of the development of silkworm culture:
As early as the Neolithic age, our ancestors had begun to plant mulberry and raise silkworm. At the end of the silk began in the early times of fishing and hunting, sericulture began in the agricultural era is the era of the Yellow emperor.
From the Western Zhou Dynasty to the Warring States period, the silk weaving industry has developed rapidly, and the area of weaving silk fabrics has also increased greatly. The production of silkworm and mulberry has a great influence on the politics and economy of all countries. Shang Yang also attaches great importance to the development of sericulture reform, reform in the provisions of silk production reaches a certain number can avoid corvee.
During the period of Emperor Wudi, Zhang Qian produced the western region and produced the silk road. The "Silk Road" links the Western Han with many countries in Central Asia and promotes economic and cultural exchanges between them.
During the Wei, Jin, and the northern and Southern Dynasties, the silk and silkworm and mulberry technology had become more and more intimate and formed the Silk Road on the sea. It has promoted the exchange and development of Chinese and Western cultures.
During the Sui and Tang Dynasties, China's silk industry gradually moved to the Yangtze River Basin, and the Tang Dynasty is the peak of silk production, no matter the yield, quality and variety have reached an unprecedented level.
During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, silk production distribution has greatly changed, in addition to the south, Sichuan and other areas outside the traditional, northwest region, the Pearl River Delta, Shandong and other regions have also been great development.
Three, the historical status of silkworm culture
The culture of sericulture is the main culture of Han culture, and it symbolizes the maturity of the farming civilization in East Asia together with the rice field culture. The main culture of the Han culture, the culture of silk and the porcelain culture, symbolized the flourishing stage of the Central Plains Civilization. Silk is the basic raw material of silk, and silk culture is in fact a highly mature stage of silkworm culture. In ancient Chinese poetry, there are a lot of portrayal of silkworm mulberry, and the influence of silkworm culture on the Central Plains culture and East Asian culture can be seen.